A B C
D E F
G H I
J K L
M N O
P Q R
S T U
V W X
Y Z ?
Previous Next DOT Search Contents Link to this Site About

CODE: 27105Buy ONET/DOT: Download or CD-ROM

TITLE: Urban and Regional Planners

DEFINITION: Develop comprehensive plans and programs for use of land and physical facilities of cities, counties, and metropolitan areas.

  • TASKS
  • KNOWLEDGE
  • SKILLS
  • ABILITIES
  • WORK ACTIVITIES
  • WORK CONTEXT
  • INTERESTS
  • WORK VALUES
  • CROSSWALKS


    TASKS:

    1. Develops alternative plans with recommendations for program or project.

    2. Compiles, organizes, and analyzes data on economic, social, and physical factors affecting land use, using statistical methods.

    3. Reviews and evaluates environmental impact reports applying to specific private and public planning projects and programs.

    4. Evaluates information to determine feasibility of proposals or to identify factors requiring amendment.

    5. Recommends governmental measures affecting land use, public utilities, community facilities, housing, and transportation.

    6. Discusses purpose of land use projects, such as transportation, conservation, residential, commercial, industrial, and community use, with planning officials.

    7. Prepares or requisitions graphic and narrative report on land use data.

    8. Determines regulatory limitations on project.

    9. Conducts field investigations, economic or public opinion surveys, demographic studies, or other research to gather required information.

    10. Advises planning officials on feasibility, cost-effectiveness, regulatory conformance, and alternative recommendations for project.

    11. Maintains collection of socioeconomic, environmental, and regulatory data related to land use for governmental and private sectors.

    KNOWLEDGE:
    Knowledge elements are ranked by importance.

    75 Sociology and Anthropology
    Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, cultures, their history, migrations, ethnicity, and origins

    75 Mathematics
    Knowledge of numbers, their operations, and interrelationships including arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications

    63 English Language
    Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar

    63 Law, Government and Jurisprudence
    Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process

    58 Administration and Management
    Knowledge of principles and processes involved in business and organizational planning, coordination, and execution. This includes strategic planning, resource allocation, manpower modeling, leadership techniques, and production methods

    58 Building and Construction
    Knowledge of materials, methods, and the appropriate tools to construct objects, structures, and buildings

    58 Economics and Accounting
    Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking, and the analysis and reporting of financial data

    46 Computers and Electronics
    Knowledge of electric circuit boards, processors, chips, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming

    46 Geography
    Knowledge of various methods for describing the location and distribution of land, sea, and air masses including their physical locations, relationships, and characteristics

    46 Design
    Knowledge of design techniques, principles, tools and instruments involved in the production and use of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models

    42 Education and Training
    Knowledge of instructional methods and training techniques including curriculum design principles, learning theory, group and individual teaching techniques, design of individual development plans, and test design principles

    42 Transportation
    Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including their relative costs, advantages, and limitations

    38 Engineering and Technology
    Knowledge of equipment, tools, mechanical devices, and their uses to produce motion, light, power, technology, and other applications

    33 Biology
    Knowledge of plant and animal living tissue, cells, organisms, and entities, including their functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment

    33 Communications and Media
    Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods including alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media

    29 Clerical
    Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing systems, filing and records management systems, stenography and transcription, forms design principles, and other office procedures and terminology

    25 Physics
    Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, and applications including air, water, material dynamics, light, atomic principles, heat, electric theory, earth formations, and meteorological and related natural phenomena

    25 Public Safety and Security
    Knowledge of weaponry, public safety, and security operations, rules, regulations, precautions, prevention, and the protection of people, data, and property

    25 History and Archeology
    Knowledge of past historical events and their causes, indicators, and impact on particular civilizations and cultures

    25 Chemistry
    Knowledge of the composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods

    21 Sales and Marketing
    Knowledge of principles and methods involved in showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategies and tactics, product demonstration and sales techniques, and sales control systems

    17 Telecommunications
    Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems

    17 Psychology
    Knowledge of human behavior and performance, mental processes, psychological research methods, and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders

    13 Philosophy and Theology
    Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions, including their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, and practices, and their impact on human culture

    13 Mechanical
    Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, benefits, repair, and maintenance

    8 Personnel and Human Resources
    Knowledge of policies and practices involved in personnel/human resource functions. This includes recruitment, selection, training, and promotion regulations and procedures; compensation and benefits packages; labor relations and negotiation strategies; and personnel information systems

    8 Food Production
    Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting of food for consumption including crop rotation methods, animal husbandry, and food storage/handling techniques

    8 Production and Processing
    Knowledge of inputs, outputs, raw materials, waste, quality control, costs, and techniques for maximizing the manufacture and distribution of goods

    4 Fine Arts
    Knowledge of theory and techniques required to produce, compose, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture

    4 Customer and Personal Service
    Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services including needs assessment techniques, quality service standards, alternative delivery systems, and customer satisfaction evaluation techniques

    4 Foreign Language
    Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation

    SKILLS:
    Skills elements are ranked by importance.

    100 Judgment and Decision Making
    Weighing the relative costs and benefits of a potential action

    100 Implementation Planning
    Developing approaches for implementing an idea

    96 Information Gathering
    Knowing how to find information and identifying essential information

    96 Reading Comprehension
    Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents

    96 Idea Evaluation
    Evaluating the likely success of an idea in relation to the demands of the situation

    92 Identification of Key Causes
    Identifying the things that must be changed to achieve a goal

    92 Identifying Downstream Consequences
    Determining the long-term outcomes of a change in operations

    92 Systems Perception
    Determining when important changes have occurred in a system or are likely to occur

    92 Idea Generation
    Generating a number of different approaches to problems

    88 Critical Thinking
    Using logic and analysis to identify the strengths and weaknesses of different approaches

    88 Information Organization
    Finding ways to structure or classify multiple pieces of information

    88 Synthesis/Reorganization
    Reorganizing information to get a better approach to problems or tasks

    88 Solution Appraisal
    Observing and evaluating the outcomes of a problem solution to identify lessons learned or redirect efforts

    83 Active Listening
    Listening to what other people are saying and asking questions as appropriate

    83 Writing
    Communicating effectively with others in writing as indicated by the needs of the audience

    79 Visioning
    Developing an image of how a system should work under ideal conditions

    79 Speaking
    Talking to others to effectively convey information

    79 Active Learning
    Working with new material or information to grasp its implications

    79 Problem Identification
    Identifying the nature of problems

    75 Coordination
    Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions

    67 Mathematics
    Using mathematics to solve problems

    63 Monitoring
    Assessing how well one is doing when learning or doing something

    63 Persuasion
    Persuading others to approach things differently

    58 Systems Evaluation
    Looking at many indicators of system performance, taking into account their accuracy

    58 Negotiation
    Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences

    58 Time Management
    Managing one's own time and the time of others

    58 Operations Analysis
    Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design

    54 Science
    Using scientific methods to solve problems

    54 Social Perceptiveness
    Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react the way they do

    42 Learning Strategies
    Using multiple approaches when learning or teaching new things

    42 Management of Material Resources
    Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work

    38 Management of Financial Resources
    Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures

    33 Product Inspection
    Inspecting and evaluating the quality of products

    33 Equipment Selection
    Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job

    25 Service Orientation
    Actively looking for ways to help people

    25 Testing
    Conducting tests to determine whether equipment, software, or procedures are operating as expected

    21 Instructing
    Teaching others how to do something

    13 Technology Design
    Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs

    13 Programming
    Writing computer programs for various purposes

    13 Management of Personnel Resources
    Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job

    13 Operation and Control
    Controlling operations of equipment or systems

    8 Troubleshooting
    Determining what is causing an operating error and deciding what to do about it .

    ABILITIES:
    Abilities elements are ranked by importance.

    65 Inductive Reasoning
    The ability to combine separate pieces of information, or specific answers to problems, to form general rules or conclusions. It includes coming up with a logical explanation for why a series of seemingly unrelated events occur together.

    60 Speech Clarity
    The ability to speak clearly so that it is understandable to a listener

    60 Deductive Reasoning
    The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to come up with logical answers. It involves deciding if an answer makes sense.

    60 Written Comprehension
    The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing

    60 Oral Expression
    The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand

    55 Written Expression
    The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand

    55 Oral Comprehension
    The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences

    50 Near Vision
    The ability to see details of objects at a close range (within a few feet of the observer)

    45 Fluency of Ideas
    The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a given topic. It concerns the number of ideas produced and not the quality, correctness, or creativity of the ideas.

    40 Problem Sensitivity
    The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.

    35 Mathematical Reasoning
    The ability to understand and organize a problem and then to select a mathematical method or formula to solve the problem

    35 Originality
    The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem

    35 Speed of Closure
    The ability to quickly make sense of information that seems to be without meaning or organization. It involves quickly combining and organizing different pieces of information into a meaningful pattern

    35 Visualization
    The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged

    30 Category Flexibility
    The ability to produce many rules so that each rule tells how to group (or combine) a set of things in a different way.

    30 Information Ordering
    The ability to correctly follow a given rule or set of rules in order to arrange things or actions in a certain order. The things or actions can include numbers, letters, words, pictures, procedures, sentences, and mathematical or logical operations.

    30 Number Facility
    The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly

    25 Wrist-Finger Speed
    The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists

    20 Auditory Attention
    The ability to focus on a single source of auditory (hearing) information in the presence of other distracting sounds

    20 Speech Recognition
    The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person

    20 Far Vision
    The ability to see details at a distance

    20 Memorization
    The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures

    20 Perceptual Speed
    The ability to quickly and accurately compare letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object

    15 Selective Attention
    The ability to concentrate and not be distracted while performing a task over a period of time

    15 Time Sharing
    The ability to efficiently shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources)

    15 Finger Dexterity
    The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects

    15 Trunk Strength
    The ability to use one's abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without "giving out" or fatiguing

    15 Sound Localization
    The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated

    15 Spatial Orientation
    The ability to know one's location in relation to the environment, or to know where other objects are in relation to one's self

    10 Manual Dexterity
    The ability to quickly make coordinated movements of one hand, a hand together with its arm, or two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects

    10 Hearing Sensitivity
    The ability to detect or tell the difference between sounds that vary over broad ranges of pitch and loudness

    10 Speed of Limb Movement
    The ability to quickly move the arms or legs

    10 Visual Color Discrimination
    The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness

    10 Flexibility of Closure
    The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material

    5 Response Orientation
    The ability to choose quickly and correctly between two or more movements in response to two or more signals (lights, sounds, pictures, etc.). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body parts

    5 Stamina
    The ability to exert one's self physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath

    5 Glare Sensitivity
    The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting

    5 Depth Perception
    The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from the observer, or to judge the distance between an object and the observer

    5 Night Vision
    The ability to see under low light conditions

    5 Gross Body Coordination
    The ability to coordinate the movement of the arms, legs, and torso together in activities where the whole body is in motion

    5 Control Precision
    The ability to quickly and repeatedly make precise adjustments in moving the controls of a machine or vehicle to exact positions

    5 Extent Flexibility
    The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with the body, arms, and/or legs

    5 Arm-Hand Steadiness
    The ability to keep the hand and arm steady while making an arm movement or while holding the arm and hand in one position

    5 Static Strength
    The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects

    5 Multilimb Coordination
    The ability to coordinate movements of two or more limbs together (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the body is in motion

    WORK ACTIVITIES:
    Work activities elements are ranked by importance.

    96 Getting Information Needed to Do the Job
    Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.

    83 Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events
    Identifying information received by making estimates or categorizations, recognizing differences or similarities, or sensing changes in circumstances or events.

    79 Providing Consultation and Advice to Others
    Providing consultation and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-related, or process related topics.

    79 Processing Information
    Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, verifying, or processing information or data.

    79 Analyzing Data or Information
    Identifying underlying principles, reasons, or facts by breaking down information or data into separate parts.

    75 Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing
    Developing plans to accomplish work, and prioritizing and organizing one's own work.

    75 Documenting or Recording Information
    Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in either written form or by electronic/magnetic recording.

    75 Implementing Ideas or Programs
    Conducting or carrying out work procedures and activities in accord with one's own ideas or information provided through directions/instructions for purposes of installing, modifying, preparing, delivering, constructing, integrating, finishing, or completing programs, systems, structures, or products.

    75 Communicating With Persons Outside Organization
    Communicating with persons outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged face-to-face, in writing, or via telephone/electronic transfer.

    71 Developing Objectives and Strategies
    Establishing long range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve these objectives.

    71 Communicating With Other Workers
    Providing information to supervisors, fellow workers, and subordinates. This information can be exchanged face-to-face, in writing, or via telephone/electronic transfer.

    71 Making Decisions and Solving Problems
    Combining, evaluating, and reasoning with information and data to make decisions and solve problems. These processes involve making decisions about the relative importance of information and choosing the best solution.

    63 Updating and Using Job-Relevant Knowledge
    Keeping up-to-date technically and knowing one's own jobs' and related jobs' functions.

    63 Establishing and Maintaining Relationships
    Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others.

    58 Evaluating Information Against Standards
    Evaluating information against a set of standards and verifying that it is correct.

    58 Judging Qualities of Things, Services, or People
    Making judgments about or assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.

    54 Thinking Creatively
    Originating, inventing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.

    50 Performing Administrative Activities
    Approving requests, handling paperwork, and performing day-to-day administrative tasks.

    46 Interpreting Meaning of Information to Others
    Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be understood or used to support responses or feedback to others.

    46 Estimating Needed Characteristics
    Estimating the Characteristics of Materials, Products, Events, or Information: Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities, or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.

    42 Interacting With Computers
    Controlling computer functions by using programs, setting up functions, writing software, or otherwise communicating with computer systems.

    42 Monitor Processes, Material, or Surroundings
    Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, often to detect problems or to find out when things are finished.

    38 Handling and Moving Objects
    Using one's own hands and arms in handling, installing, forming, positioning, and moving materials, or in manipulating things, including the use of keyboards.

    33 Monitoring and Controlling Resources
    Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.

    29 Drafting and Specifying Technical Devices
    Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to inform others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.

    25 Resolving Conflict or Negotiating with Others
    Handling complaints, arbitrating disputes, and resolving grievances, or otherwise negotiating with others.

    25 Performing General Physical Activities
    Performing physical activities that require moving one's whole body, such as in climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, where the activities often also require considerable use of the arms and legs, such as in the physical handling of materials.

    21 Scheduling Work and Activities
    Scheduling events, programs, activities, as well as the work of others.

    21 Selling or Influencing Others
    Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods, or otherwise changing their minds or actions.

    17 Performing For or Working With Public
    Performing for people or dealing directly with the public, including serving persons in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.

    17 Assisting and Caring for Others
    Providing assistance or personal care to others.

    17 Coordinating Work and Activities of Others
    Coordinating members of a work group to accomplish tasks.

    13 Operating Vehicles or Equipment
    Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.

    8 Teaching Others
    Identifying educational needs, developing formal training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.

    8 Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material
    Inspecting or diagnosing equipment, structures, or materials to identify the causes of errors or other problems or defects.

    4 Guiding, Directing and Motivating Subordinates
    Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring subordinates.

    WORK CONTEXT:
    Work context elements are ranked by frequency (F), importance (I), responsibility (R), amount of contact (C), how serious (S), objective vs. subjective (O), automation (A), extent of frustration (E), responsible for health and safety (H), likelihood of injury (L), degree of injury (D) .

    80 (I) Deal With External Customers
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Deal with external customers (e.g., retail sales) or the public in general (e.g., police work)?

    75 (F) Indoors
    How frequently does this job require the worker to work: Indoors

    75 (F) Sitting
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Sitting?

    70 (I) Provide a Service to Others
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Provide a service to others (e.g., customers)?

    70 (I) Importance of Being Sure All Is Done
    How important is it to be sure that all the details of this job are performed and everything is done completely?

    70 (I) Persuade Someone to a Course of Action
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Persuade someone to a course of action (informally) or influence others to buy something (to sell)?

    67 (C) Job-Required Social Interaction
    How much does this job require the worker to be in contact (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) with others in order to perform it?

    65 (I) Importance of Being Exact or Accurate
    How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?

    60 (I) Coordinate or Lead Others
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities (not supervision)?

    58 (O) Objective or Subjective Information
    How objective or subjective is the information communicated in this job?

    55 (I) Take a Position Opposed to Others
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Take a position opposed to coworkers or others?

    50 (F) Using Hands on Objects, Tools, Controls
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Using hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?

    45 (I) Importance of Being Aware of New Events
    How important is being constantly aware of either frequently changing events (e.g. security guard watching for shoplifters) or infrequent events (e.g. radar operator watching for tornadoes) to performing this job?

    44 (F) Frequency in Conflict Situations
    How frequently do the job requirements place the worker in conflict situations?

    44 (F) Outdoors
    How frequently does this job require the worker to work: Outdoors

    44 (F) Standing
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Standing?

    42 (E) Frustrating Circumstances
    To what extent do frustrating circumstances ("road blocks" to work that are beyond the worker's control) hinder the accomplishment of this job?

    38 (F) Walking or Running
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Walking or running?

    33 (S) Consequence of Error
    How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?

    31 (F) Very Hot
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Very hot (above 90 F) or very cold (under 32 F) temperatures?

    31 (F) Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?

    31 (F) Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People
    How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?

    31 (F) Sounds or Noise Levels Are Distracting
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Sounds and noise levels that are distracting and uncomfortable?

    29 (H) Responsible for Health and Safety of Others
    How responsible is the worker for others' health and safety on this job?

    25 (F) Hazardous Equipment
    How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to harardous equipment? Hazardous Equipment (e.g., saws, machinery/mechanical parts include exposure to vehicular traffic, but not driving a vehicle)

    25 (F) Making Repetitive Motions
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Making repetitive motions?

    25 (I) Supervise, Coach, Train Others
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Supervise, coach, train, or develop other employees?

    20 (I) Importance of Repeating Same Tasks
    How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?

    19 (F) Contaminants
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Contaminants (pollutants, gases, dust, odors, etc.)?

    19 (F) Hazardous Situations
    How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to harardous situations? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns

    19 (F) Bending or Twisting the Body
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Bending or twisting the body?

    18 (L) Hazardous Situations
    What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to hazardous situations while performing this job? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns

    18 (R) Responsibility for Outcomes and Results
    How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?

    17 (A) Degree of Automation
    Indicate the level of automation of this job.

    15 (D) Hazardous Equipment
    If injury, due to exposure to hazardous equipment, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Hazardous Equipment (e.g., saws, machinery/mechanical parts include exposure to vehicular traffic, but not driving a vehicle)

    14 (L) Hazardous Equipment
    What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to hazardous equipment while performing this job? Hazardous Equipment (e.g., saws, machinery/mechanical parts include exposure to vehicular traffic, but not driving a vehicle)

    13 (F) Special Uniform
    How often does the worker wear: A special uniform, such as that of a commercial pilot, nurse, police officer, or military personnel?

    13 (F) Kneeling, Crouching or Crawling
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Kneeling, stooping, crouching or crawling?

    13 (F) Diseases or Infections
    How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to diseases/infection? Diseases/Infections (e.g., patient care, some laboratory work, sanitation control, etc.)

    11 (L) Diseases or Infections
    What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to diseases/infections while performing this job? Diseases/Infections (e.g., patient care, some laboratory work, sanitation control, etc.)

    10 (D) Diseases or Infections
    If injury, due to exposure to diseases/infection, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Diseases/Infections (e.g., patient care, some laboratory work, sanitation control, etc.)

    10 (D) Hazardous Situations
    If injury, due to exposure to hazardous situations, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns

    6 (F) Common Protective or Safety Attire
    How often does the worker wear: Common protective or safety attire, such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hearing protection, hard-hat, or personal flotation device?

    6 (F) Keeping or Regaining Balance
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Keeping or regaining balance?

    6 (F) Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, Poles, etc.
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Climbing ladders, scaffolds, poles, etc?

    6 (F) Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Cramped work space that requires getting into awkward positions?

    6 (F) High Places
    How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to high places? High Places (e.g., heights above 8 feet on ladders, poles, scaffolding, catwalks, etc.)

    5 (D) High Places
    If injury, due to exposure to high places, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? High Places (e.g., heights above 8 feet on ladders, poles, scaffolding, catwalks, etc.)

    5 (I) Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment
    How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)

    4 (L) High Places
    What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to high places while performing this job? High Places (e.g., heights above 8 feet on ladders, poles, scaffolding, catwalks, etc.)

    INTERESTS:
    Interest elements are ranked by occupational interest.

    83 Investigative
    Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.

    72 Enterprising
    Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.

    44 Conventional
    Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.

    44 Artistic
    Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.

    39 Social
    Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

    33 Realistic
    Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.

    WORK VALUES:
    Work values elements are ranked by extent.

    78 Achievement-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.

    74 Independence-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employs to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.

    60 Working Conditions-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.

    59 Recognition-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

    50 Support-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.

    40 Relationships-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.

    84 Autonomy
    Workers on this job plan their work with little supervision

    81 Ability Utilization
    Workers on this job make use of their individual abilities

    75 Achievement
    Workers on this job get a feeling of accomplishment

    75 Creativity
    Workers on this job try out their own ideas

    66 Security
    Workers on this job have steady employment

    66 Working Conditions
    Workers on this job have good working conditions

    66 Social Status
    Workers on this job are looked up to by others in their company and their community

    63 Compensation
    Workers on this job are paid well in comparison with other workers

    63 Recognition
    Workers on this job receive recognition for the work they do

    63 Responsibility
    Workers on this job make decisions on their own

    59 Supervision, Human Relations
    Workers on this job have supervisors who back up their workers with management

    59 Activity
    Workers on this job are busy all the time

    59 Variety
    Workers on this job have something different to do every day

    56 Co-workers
    Workers on this job have co-workers who are easy to get along with

    56 Company Policies and Practices
    Workers on this job are treated fairly by the company

    56 Authority
    Workers on this job give directions and instructions to others

    53 Advancement
    Workers on this job have opportunities for advancement

    47 Independence
    Workers on this job do their work alone

    44 Moral Values
    Workers on this job are never pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong

    34 Supervision, Technical
    Workers on this job have supervisors who train their workers well

    19 Social Service
    Workers on this job have work where they do things for other people

    CROSSWALKS:
    DOT91 (Dictionary of Occupational Titles): 199167014 Urban Planner
    188167110 Planner, Program Services

    AIM97 (Apprenticeship Information Management): No crosswalks

    CEN90 (1990 Census Occupations): 173 Urban Planners

    CIP90 (Classification of Instructional Programs): 440501 Public Policy Analysis
    040701 Architectural Urban Design and Planning
    040301 City/Urban, Community and Regional Planning

    GOE93 (Guide for Occupational Exploration): 110302 Social Research: Sociological

    MOC97 (Military Occupational Codes): No crosswalks

    OES98 (Occupational Employment Statistics): 27105 Urban and Regional Planners

    OPM97 (Office of Personnel Management Occupations): 0020 Community Planning

    SOC98 (Standard Occupational Classification): 19-3051 Urban and Regional Planners