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CODE: 93998Buy ONET/DOT: Download or CD-ROM

TITLE: Elemental Hand Workers

DEFINITION: Workers who perform handwork which requires less than three months to obtain proficiency. (Note: Workers do not perform all tasks; job activity is represented by one or two task statements.)

  • TASKS
  • KNOWLEDGE
  • SKILLS
  • ABILITIES
  • WORK ACTIVITIES
  • WORK CONTEXT
  • INTERESTS
  • WORK VALUES
  • CROSSWALKS


    TASKS:

    1. Cleans, blocks, dyes, presses, brushes, or treats articles such as shoes, furniture, drapes, leather goods, or ophthalmic or optical elements.

    2. Mixes or blends materials in solid, fluid, semi-fluid, and gaseous states, such as chemicals or food products, according to formula.

    3. Converts fiber stock into yarn and thread, or braids, interlaces, or works materials to form fabric, decorative designs, or rugs by hand.

    4. Fills molds or ladles with molten metal, hot material, or other substances to produce products, and removes products from molds.

    5. Stretches, bends, straightens, forms, shapes, pounds, wraps, or folds materials, according to specifications, using hand tools.

    6. Assembles or disassembles parts and materials, according to standard patterns, using hand tools.

    7. Splices and joins parts together with adhesives, caulks or seals seams, or binds materials, using binding, strapping, crimping, or soldering tools.

    8. Smoothes, trims, and finishes materials, parts, and products, using sanding or buffing tools, according to specifications.

    9. Repairs, replaces, or adjusts parts, either fabric, paper, or metal, according to instructions or specifications, using hand tools.

    10. Cuts, saws, splits, or drills material or products in preparation for further processing, according to specifications, using hand tools.

    11. Threads materials, such as cable, rope, string, or yarn, through openings to thread machines, wire, or assemble clothes or jewelry.

    12. Loads, sorts, weighs, stacks, arranges, or packages materials, parts, or products, according to instructions.

    13. Applies coating to material, such as paint, oil, lacquer, chemical(s), or powder, using sprayer, squeeze bottle, brush, or dipping method.

    14. Stamps, marks, or traces patterns on products, parts, or materials, using pencil, hand transfer press, or perforating tool.

    15. Screws or hammers nails or pegs into products, using hammer or screw driver, according to instructions.

    16. Repairs, cuts, or softens glass, using torch, hot wire, or furnace, according to instructions.

    17. Charges, positions covers, and seals storage batteries.

    18. Skims or siphons materials, such as slag or plasma, preparatory to further processing.

    19. Combs, brushes, ties, sorts, or cuts human or doll hair or material nap, according to specifications.

    20. Positions, aligns, and secures molds, materials, parts, or products in preparation for assembly or other production processes.

    KNOWLEDGE:
    Knowledge elements are ranked by importance.

    50 Production and Processing
    Knowledge of inputs, outputs, raw materials, waste, quality control, costs, and techniques for maximizing the manufacture and distribution of goods

    46 Mechanical
    Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, benefits, repair, and maintenance

    46 Building and Construction
    Knowledge of materials, methods, and the appropriate tools to construct objects, structures, and buildings

    21 Chemistry
    Knowledge of the composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods

    17 Design
    Knowledge of design techniques, principles, tools and instruments involved in the production and use of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models

    17 Engineering and Technology
    Knowledge of equipment, tools, mechanical devices, and their uses to produce motion, light, power, technology, and other applications

    17 English Language
    Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar

    13 Mathematics
    Knowledge of numbers, their operations, and interrelationships including arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications

    4 Physics
    Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, and applications including air, water, material dynamics, light, atomic principles, heat, electric theory, earth formations, and meteorological and related natural phenomena

    4 Public Safety and Security
    Knowledge of weaponry, public safety, and security operations, rules, regulations, precautions, prevention, and the protection of people, data, and property

    4 Clerical
    Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing systems, filing and records management systems, stenography and transcription, forms design principles, and other office procedures and terminology

    SKILLS:
    Skills elements are ranked by importance.

    70 Equipment Selection
    Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job

    50 Product Inspection
    Inspecting and evaluating the quality of products

    50 Operation and Control
    Controlling operations of equipment or systems

    45 Information Organization
    Finding ways to structure or classify multiple pieces of information

    45 Monitoring
    Assessing how well one is doing when learning or doing something

    45 Repairing
    Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools

    40 Reading Comprehension
    Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents

    40 Installation
    Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications

    30 Mathematics
    Using mathematics to solve problems

    30 Information Gathering
    Knowing how to find information and identifying essential information

    30 Equipment Maintenance
    Performing routine maintenance and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed

    25 Testing
    Conducting tests to determine whether equipment, software, or procedures are operating as expected

    25 Troubleshooting
    Determining what is causing an operating error and deciding what to do about it

    25 Active Listening
    Listening to what other people are saying and asking questions as appropriate

    25 Identification of Key Causes
    Identifying the things that must be changed to achieve a goal

    25 Coordination
    Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions

    20 Idea Evaluation
    Evaluating the likely success of an idea in relation to the demands of the situation

    20 Time Management
    Managing one's own time and the time of others

    20 Operation Monitoring
    Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly

    20 Active Learning
    Working with new material or information to grasp its implications

    20 Management of Material Resources
    Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work

    20 Writing
    Communicating effectively with others in writing as indicated by the needs of the audience

    20 Problem Identification
    Identifying the nature of problems

    15 Learning Strategies
    Using multiple approaches when learning or teaching new things

    15 Critical Thinking
    Using logic and analysis to identify the strengths and weaknesses of different approaches

    15 Speaking
    Talking to others to effectively convey information

    15 Judgment and Decision Making
    Weighing the relative costs and benefits of a potential action

    15 Synthesis/Reorganization
    Reorganizing information to get a better approach to problems or tasks

    15 Idea Generation
    Generating a number of different approaches to problems

    15 Implementation Planning
    Developing approaches for implementing an idea

    15 Solution Appraisal
    Observing and evaluating the outcomes of a problem solution to identify lessons learned or redirect efforts

    10 Service Orientation
    Actively looking for ways to help people

    10 Science
    Using scientific methods to solve problems

    10 Operations Analysis
    Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design

    10 Technology Design
    Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs

    5 Management of Personnel Resources
    Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job

    5 Identifying Downstream Consequences
    Determining the long-term outcomes of a change in operations

    5 Systems Perception
    Determining when important changes have occurred in a system or are likely to occur

    5 Social Perceptiveness
    Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react the way they do

    5 Negotiation
    Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences

    5 Instructing
    Teaching others how to do something

    5 Systems Evaluation
    Looking at many indicators of system performance, taking into account their accuracy

    5 Visioning
    Developing an image of how a system should work under ideal conditions

    5 Persuasion
    Persuading others to approach things differently .

    ABILITIES:
    Abilities elements are ranked by importance.

    80 Manual Dexterity
    The ability to quickly make coordinated movements of one hand, a hand together with its arm, or two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects

    75 Finger Dexterity
    The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects

    60 Information Ordering
    The ability to correctly follow a given rule or set of rules in order to arrange things or actions in a certain order. The things or actions can include numbers, letters, words, pictures, procedures, sentences, and mathematical or logical operations.

    60 Visualization
    The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged

    60 Wrist-Finger Speed
    The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists

    60 Near Vision
    The ability to see details of objects at a close range (within a few feet of the observer)

    55 Multilimb Coordination
    The ability to coordinate movements of two or more limbs together (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the body is in motion

    55 Arm-Hand Steadiness
    The ability to keep the hand and arm steady while making an arm movement or while holding the arm and hand in one position

    45 Control Precision
    The ability to quickly and repeatedly make precise adjustments in moving the controls of a machine or vehicle to exact positions

    45 Speed of Limb Movement
    The ability to quickly move the arms or legs

    45 Trunk Strength
    The ability to use one's abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without "giving out" or fatiguing

    40 Written Comprehension
    The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing

    40 Extent Flexibility
    The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with the body, arms, and/or legs

    35 Oral Comprehension
    The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences

    35 Number Facility
    The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly

    35 Perceptual Speed
    The ability to quickly and accurately compare letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object

    35 Explosive Strength
    The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object

    30 Memorization
    The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures

    30 Problem Sensitivity
    The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.

    30 Static Strength
    The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects

    30 Dynamic Flexibility
    The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with the body, arms, and/or legs

    30 Dynamic Strength
    The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue

    25 Flexibility of Closure
    The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material

    25 Selective Attention
    The ability to concentrate and not be distracted while performing a task over a period of time

    25 Visual Color Discrimination
    The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness

    25 Category Flexibility
    The ability to produce many rules so that each rule tells how to group (or combine) a set of things in a different way.

    25 Deductive Reasoning
    The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to come up with logical answers. It involves deciding if an answer makes sense.

    20 Far Vision
    The ability to see details at a distance

    20 Mathematical Reasoning
    The ability to understand and organize a problem and then to select a mathematical method or formula to solve the problem

    20 Gross Body Coordination
    The ability to coordinate the movement of the arms, legs, and torso together in activities where the whole body is in motion

    20 Stamina
    The ability to exert one's self physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath

    20 Spatial Orientation
    The ability to know one's location in relation to the environment, or to know where other objects are in relation to one's self

    20 Inductive Reasoning
    The ability to combine separate pieces of information, or specific answers to problems, to form general rules or conclusions. It includes coming up with a logical explanation for why a series of seemingly unrelated events occur together.

    20 Reaction Time
    The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to one signal (sound, light, picture, etc.) when it appears

    15 Depth Perception
    The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from the observer, or to judge the distance between an object and the observer

    15 Hearing Sensitivity
    The ability to detect or tell the difference between sounds that vary over broad ranges of pitch and loudness

    15 Fluency of Ideas
    The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a given topic. It concerns the number of ideas produced and not the quality, correctness, or creativity of the ideas.

    15 Speed of Closure
    The ability to quickly make sense of information that seems to be without meaning or organization. It involves quickly combining and organizing different pieces of information into a meaningful pattern

    15 Response Orientation
    The ability to choose quickly and correctly between two or more movements in response to two or more signals (lights, sounds, pictures, etc.). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body parts

    10 Speech Recognition
    The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person

    10 Written Expression
    The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand

    10 Oral Expression
    The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand

    10 Sound Localization
    The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated

    10 Auditory Attention
    The ability to focus on a single source of auditory (hearing) information in the presence of other distracting sounds

    10 Rate Control
    The ability to time the adjustments of a movement or equipment control in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a continuously moving object or scene

    10 Gross Body Equilibrium
    The ability to keep or regain one's body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position

    10 Time Sharing
    The ability to efficiently shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources)

    5 Glare Sensitivity
    The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting

    5 Peripheral Vision
    The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are focused forward

    WORK ACTIVITIES:
    Work activities elements are ranked by importance.

    92 Handling and Moving Objects
    Using one's own hands and arms in handling, installing, forming, positioning, and moving materials, or in manipulating things, including the use of keyboards.

    71 Controlling Machines and Processes
    Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).

    63 Getting Information Needed to Do the Job
    Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.

    63 Performing General Physical Activities
    Performing physical activities that require moving one's whole body, such as in climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, where the activities often also require considerable use of the arms and legs, such as in the physical handling of materials.

    54 Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material
    Inspecting or diagnosing equipment, structures, or materials to identify the causes of errors or other problems or defects.

    50 Evaluating Information Against Standards
    Evaluating information against a set of standards and verifying that it is correct.

    50 Implementing Ideas or Programs
    Conducting or carrying out work procedures and activities in accord with one's own ideas or information provided through directions/instructions for purposes of installing, modifying, preparing, delivering, constructing, integrating, finishing, or completing programs, systems, structures, or products.

    46 Monitor Processes, Material, or Surroundings
    Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, often to detect problems or to find out when things are finished.

    42 Judging Qualities of Things, Services, or People
    Making judgments about or assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.

    38 Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events
    Identifying information received by making estimates or categorizations, recognizing differences or similarities, or sensing changes in circumstances or events.

    38 Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment
    Fixing, servicing, aligning, setting up, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.

    33 Thinking Creatively
    Originating, inventing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.

    33 Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing
    Developing plans to accomplish work, and prioritizing and organizing one's own work.

    33 Updating and Using Job-Relevant Knowledge
    Keeping up-to-date technically and knowing one's own jobs' and related jobs' functions.

    29 Estimating Needed Characteristics
    Estimating the Characteristics of Materials, Products, Events, or Information: Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities, or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.

    25 Analyzing Data or Information
    Identifying underlying principles, reasons, or facts by breaking down information or data into separate parts.

    25 Documenting or Recording Information
    Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in either written form or by electronic/magnetic recording.

    21 Drafting and Specifying Technical Devices
    Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to inform others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.

    21 Making Decisions and Solving Problems
    Combining, evaluating, and reasoning with information and data to make decisions and solve problems. These processes involve making decisions about the relative importance of information and choosing the best solution.

    21 Coordinating Work and Activities of Others
    Coordinating members of a work group to accomplish tasks.

    17 Communicating With Other Workers
    Providing information to supervisors, fellow workers, and subordinates. This information can be exchanged face-to-face, in writing, or via telephone/electronic transfer.

    17 Processing Information
    Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, verifying, or processing information or data.

    13 Monitoring and Controlling Resources
    Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.

    8 Establishing and Maintaining Relationships
    Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others.

    4 Performing Administrative Activities
    Approving requests, handling paperwork, and performing day-to-day administrative tasks.

    4 Guiding, Directing and Motivating Subordinates
    Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring subordinates.

    WORK CONTEXT:
    Work context elements are ranked by frequency (F), importance (I), responsibility (R), amount of contact (C), how serious (S), objective vs. subjective (O), automation (A), extent of frustration (E), responsible for health and safety (H), likelihood of injury (L), degree of injury (D) .

    90 (F) Indoors
    How frequently does this job require the worker to work: Indoors

    90 (F) Using Hands on Objects, Tools, Controls
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Using hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?

    80 (I) Importance of Being Sure All Is Done
    How important is it to be sure that all the details of this job are performed and everything is done completely?

    76 (I) Importance of Being Exact or Accurate
    How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?

    70 (F) Making Repetitive Motions
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Making repetitive motions?

    65 (F) Common Protective or Safety Attire
    How often does the worker wear: Common protective or safety attire, such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hearing protection, hard-hat, or personal flotation device?

    60 (I) Importance of Repeating Same Tasks
    How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?

    55 (F) Standing
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Standing?

    55 (F) Contaminants
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Contaminants (pollutants, gases, dust, odors, etc.)?

    53 (S) Consequence of Error
    How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?

    40 (F) Hazardous Conditions
    How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to hazardous conditions? Hazardous Conditions (e.g., high voltage electricity, combustibles, explosives, chemicals; do not include hazardous equipment or situations)

    40 (F) Sitting
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Sitting?

    40 (F) Hazardous Equipment
    How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to harardous equipment? Hazardous Equipment (e.g., saws, machinery/mechanical parts include exposure to vehicular traffic, but not driving a vehicle)

    40 (F) Hazardous Situations
    How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to harardous situations? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns

    36 (I) Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment
    How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)

    32 (I) Importance of Being Aware of New Events
    How important is being constantly aware of either frequently changing events (e.g. security guard watching for shoplifters) or infrequent events (e.g. radar operator watching for tornadoes) to performing this job?

    30 (F) Very Hot
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Very hot (above 90 F) or very cold (under 32 F) temperatures?

    30 (F) Sounds or Noise Levels Are Distracting
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Sounds and noise levels that are distracting and uncomfortable?

    30 (F) Bending or Twisting the Body
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Bending or twisting the body?

    30 (F) Kneeling, Crouching or Crawling
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Kneeling, stooping, crouching or crawling?

    29 (L) Hazardous Equipment
    What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to hazardous equipment while performing this job? Hazardous Equipment (e.g., saws, machinery/mechanical parts include exposure to vehicular traffic, but not driving a vehicle)

    29 (L) Hazardous Conditions
    What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to hazardous conditions while performing this job? Hazardous Conditions (e.g., high voltage electricity, combustibles, explosives, chemicals; do not include hazardous equipment or situations)

    26 (L) Hazardous Situations
    What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to hazardous situations while performing this job? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns

    25 (F) Outdoors
    How frequently does this job require the worker to work: Outdoors

    24 (D) Hazardous Equipment
    If injury, due to exposure to hazardous equipment, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Hazardous Equipment (e.g., saws, machinery/mechanical parts include exposure to vehicular traffic, but not driving a vehicle)

    24 (D) Hazardous Conditions
    If injury, due to exposure to hazardous conditions, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Hazardous Conditions (e.g., high voltage electricity, combustibles, explosives, chemicals; do not include hazardous equipment or situations)

    20 (A) Degree of Automation
    Indicate the level of automation of this job.

    20 (E) Frustrating Circumstances
    To what extent do frustrating circumstances ("road blocks" to work that are beyond the worker's control) hinder the accomplishment of this job?

    20 (F) Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?

    20 (F) Specialized Protective or Safety Attire
    How often does the worker wear: Specialized protective or safety attire, such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suit, or radiation protection?

    16 (D) Hazardous Situations
    If injury, due to exposure to hazardous situations, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns

    16 (I) Provide a Service to Others
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Provide a service to others (e.g., customers)?

    15 (F) Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Cramped work space that requires getting into awkward positions?

    15 (F) Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, Poles, etc.
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Climbing ladders, scaffolds, poles, etc?

    15 (F) Walking or Running
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Walking or running?

    11 (R) Responsibility for Outcomes and Results
    How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?

    10 (F) Whole Body Vibration
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Whole body vibration (e.g., operating a jackhammer or earthmoving equipment)?

    10 (F) Special Uniform
    How often does the worker wear: A special uniform, such as that of a commercial pilot, nurse, police officer, or military personnel?

    10 (F) Diseases or Infections
    How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to diseases/infection? Diseases/Infections (e.g., patient care, some laboratory work, sanitation control, etc.)

    10 (F) Keeping or Regaining Balance
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Keeping or regaining balance?

    10 (F) High Places
    How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to high places? High Places (e.g., heights above 8 feet on ladders, poles, scaffolding, catwalks, etc.)

    10 (O) Objective or Subjective Information
    How objective or subjective is the information communicated in this job?

    9 (H) Responsible for Health and Safety of Others
    How responsible is the worker for others' health and safety on this job?

    8 (D) Diseases or Infections
    If injury, due to exposure to diseases/infection, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Diseases/Infections (e.g., patient care, some laboratory work, sanitation control, etc.)

    8 (D) High Places
    If injury, due to exposure to high places, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? High Places (e.g., heights above 8 feet on ladders, poles, scaffolding, catwalks, etc.)

    8 (I) Deal With External Customers
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Deal with external customers (e.g., retail sales) or the public in general (e.g., police work)?

    6 (L) High Places
    What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to high places while performing this job? High Places (e.g., heights above 8 feet on ladders, poles, scaffolding, catwalks, etc.)

    6 (L) Diseases or Infections
    What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to diseases/infections while performing this job? Diseases/Infections (e.g., patient care, some laboratory work, sanitation control, etc.)

    5 (F) Radiation
    How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to radiation?

    4 (I) Supervise, Coach, Train Others
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Supervise, coach, train, or develop other employees?

    4 (I) Persuade Someone to a Course of Action
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Persuade someone to a course of action (informally) or influence others to buy something (to sell)?

    4 (I) Coordinate or Lead Others
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities (not supervision)?

    4 (I) Take a Position Opposed to Others
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Take a position opposed to coworkers or others?

    3 (C) Job-Required Social Interaction
    How much does this job require the worker to be in contact (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) with others in order to perform it?

    3 (L) Radiation
    What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to radiation while performing this job?

    INTERESTS:
    Interest elements are ranked by occupational interest.

    94 Realistic
    Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.

    39 Conventional
    Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.

    17 Enterprising
    Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.

    17 Investigative
    Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.

    11 Social
    Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

    11 Artistic
    Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.

    WORK VALUES:
    Work values elements are ranked by extent.

    48 Support-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.

    46 Relationships-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.

    42 Working Conditions-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.

    22 Achievement-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.

    18 Recognition-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

    15 Independence-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employs to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.

    84 Moral Values
    Workers on this job are never pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong

    63 Independence
    Workers on this job do their work alone

    63 Activity
    Workers on this job are busy all the time

    50 Supervision, Technical
    Workers on this job have supervisors who train their workers well

    47 Company Policies and Practices
    Workers on this job are treated fairly by the company

    47 Co-workers
    Workers on this job have co-workers who are easy to get along with

    47 Supervision, Human Relations
    Workers on this job have supervisors who back up their workers with management

    47 Security
    Workers on this job have steady employment

    41 Working Conditions
    Workers on this job have good working conditions

    38 Advancement
    Workers on this job have opportunities for advancement

    28 Achievement
    Workers on this job get a feeling of accomplishment

    25 Recognition
    Workers on this job receive recognition for the work they do

    25 Compensation
    Workers on this job are paid well in comparison with other workers

    22 Autonomy
    Workers on this job plan their work with little supervision

    16 Ability Utilization
    Workers on this job make use of their individual abilities

    13 Variety
    Workers on this job have something different to do every day

    13 Creativity
    Workers on this job try out their own ideas

    9 Responsibility
    Workers on this job make decisions on their own

    9 Social Status
    Workers on this job are looked up to by others in their company and their community

    6 Social Service
    Workers on this job have work where they do things for other people

    CROSSWALKS:
    DOT91 (Dictionary of Occupational Titles): 976684022 Print Washer
    739684070 Form Coverer
    734687034 Buckle-Wire Inserter
    730684014 Bell-Neck Hammerer
    726687034 Masker
    734687046 Button-and-Buckle Maker
    739684142 Paint-Roller Covermaker
    976667010 Photographer Helper
    727684030 Sealer
    732687054 Molder, Inflated Ball
    739684122 Mannequin Sander and Finisher
    727687026 Battery Charger, Conveyor Line
    977684026 Bench Worker, Binding
    725687022 Getterer
    732587010 Golf-Ball Trimmer
    732687070 Softball Core Molder
    976487010 Photograph Finisher
    726687038 Preassembler, Printed Circuit Board
    729687022 Mica-Washer Gluer
    739684102 Last Marker
    737687078 Lacquer-Pin-Press Operator
    739684182 Wreath and Garland Maker
    979684018 Legend Maker
    727587010 Battery Charger
    733687066 Stamp-Pad Finisher
    739684098 Last Ironer
    728684022 Wireworker
    737687134 Tapper, Hand
    734684026 Wire-Frame Dipper
    737687042 Explosive Operator I
    727687042 Cell Coverer
    727484010 Acid Adjuster
    739684086 Hair Worker
    734684010 Feather Shaper
    731687014 Finisher
    726687010 Electronics Worker
    734684022 Slide-Fastener Repairer
    737687090 Mixer II
    976684026 Splicer
    739684062 Finisher, Brush
    727687058 Forming-Process-Line Worker
    737687138 Varnishing-Unit Operator
    784687018 Crown Pouncer, Hand
    772684010 Defect Repairer, Glassware
    781687042 Marker
    781687046 Marking Stitcher
    782684026 Fish-Net Stringer
    782684062 Weaver, Hand
    782687022 Elastic-Tape Inserter
    782687042 Rug Braider, Hand
    782687054 Tape Stringer
    784684014 Brim Ironer, Hand
    781684042 Perforator
    784684066 Smoother
    781384014 Marker I
    784687046 Liner
    784687070 Sticker
    784687090 Sweatband Shaper
    788584014 Marker, Hand
    788684050 Flamer
    788684070 Interlacer
    788684094 Rasper
    788684102 Screw Remover
    788684106 Slip Laster
    788684118 Tree Driller
    784684054 Sizer, Hand
    776687010 Belt-Maker Helper
    772684014 Hot-Wire Glass-Tube Cutter
    772684018 Warm-in Worker
    773487010 Clay-Stain Mixer
    715687122 Spring Layer
    774684018 Finisher
    774684030 Sagger Maker
    774684034 Sticker-On
    774687014 Lacer
    775684050 Mark-Up Designer
    781684058 Trim-Stencil Maker
    775687014 Glass Driller
    788687010 Antisqueak Filler
    777684010 Form Maker, Plaster
    779684034 Level-Vial Sealer
    779684038 Mirror Specialist
    779684042 Pipe Finisher
    779687010 Breaker
    779687014 Cartridge Loader
    779687034 Stock Sheets Cleaner-Inspector
    780684042 Crusher
    780687010 Border Measurer and Cutter
    780687050 Tufter, Hand
    775687010 Finisher
    920685022 Blocker
    794687054 Stringer
    794687058 Tabber
    795684018 Globe Mounter
    795684022 Tipper
    716687010 Deblocker
    715687022 Dial Brusher
    789687170 Steamer
    715687030 Foot Straightener
    715687046 Hammer Adjuster
    788684126 Wood-Heel Finisher
    716684010 Blocker, Hand
    794684030 Sample Maker, Hand
    806684130 Skin-Lap Bonder
    715687094 Mounter, Clock and Watch Hands
    715687082 Mainspring Former, Brace End
    739685054 Umbrella Tipper, Machine
    715687078 Mainspring Former, Arbor End
    784684062 Slicker
    809484014 Template Maker, Track
    809667010 Hull and Deck Remover
    809684018 Driller, Hand
    843384010 Wood Caulker
    899684038 Stripper and Taper
    789684046 Rigger
    784687062 Singer
    788687014 Bottom Bleacher
    788687102 Pegger
    788687142 Table Worker
    788687158 Vamp-Strap Ironer
    789387014 Sample Selector
    789684010 Bow Maker
    789684014 Buffing-Wheel Former, Hand
    789684026 Molder, Shoulder Pad
    789684030 Net Maker
    794687022 Folder, Hand
    789684042 Rawhide-Bone Roller
    794687014 Color-Card Maker
    789684054 Electric Blanket Wirer
    789687022 Buffing Turner-and-Counter
    789687098 Mixer II
    789687130 Quilt Stuffer
    715684146 Oiler
    790684010 Bunch Maker, Hand
    790684018 Patch Worker
    790687030 Twister, Hand
    794684010 Bag Repairer
    788684130 Wrinkle Chaser
    789684034 Parachute Folder
    761684050 Panel Cutter
    764687094 Leveler I
    754684026 Driller, Hand
    754684034 Knock-Out Hand
    754687010 Laborer, General
    759684034 Folder-Tier
    759684046 Patcher, Bowling Ball
    759684058 Splicer
    759684070 Splicer
    753684030 Roller-Stitcher
    761684022 Pattern Marker II
    753684022 Laster
    762687010 Bander
    762687066 Veneer-Stock Layer
    763684026 Case Fitter
    763684030 Drawer Liner
    763687018 Distresser
    764687042 Bung Driver
    764687066 Heading Repairer
    764687078 Hogshead Hooper
    764687090 Leak Hunter
    761684014 Jig Builder
    750684022 Tire Builder
    739687070 Digger
    739687078 Dust-Mop Maker
    739687090 Filler
    739687126 Nailer
    739687138 Part Maker
    739687154 Polishing-Pad Mounter
    739687162 Pull-Out Operator
    739687190 Umbrella Finisher
    753687014 Debrander
    749687018 Masker
    752684042 Rubber-Tubing Splicer
    750684026 Tire Groover
    750684038 Tire Vulcanizer
    750684046 Tube Balancer
    750684050 Tube Repairer
    752684018 Bit Bender
    784687074 Straw-Hat Brusher
    752684034 Padded-Products Finisher
    959684010 Pole Framer
    753684018 Hooker-Laster
    739687210 Pipe Stem Aligner
    769684030 Patcher
    770687010 Artificial-Pearl Maker
    770687034 Rock Breaker
    769687022 Frame Trimmer II
    764687098 Plugger
    769684026 Oil Dipper
    769684018 Bender, Hand
    509687018 Stringer
    520687030 Filler Mixer
    512687010 Condenser Setter
    521687050 Filter Changer
    222687014 Garment Sorter
    511687022 Skimmer, Reverberatory
    524687022 Bakery Worker, Conveyor Line
    521687070 Honeycomb Decapper
    526687014 Starchmaker
    514664010 Cupola Tapper
    364684014 Shoe Dyer
    410687018 Pelter
    362684022 Furniture Cleaner
    520687054 Seasoning Mixer
    520687062 Spice Mixer
    369684010 Fur Glazer
    529684018 Sieve Maker
    520684014 Roller I
    500684014 Matrix Worker
    519687018 Flux-Tube Attendant
    519687034 Rodding-Anode Worker
    519687010 Cell Plasterer
    526684014 Lumpia Wrapper Maker
    520687034 Food Mixer
    529684010 Frozen Pie Maker
    520587010 Pretzel Twister
    520687050 Plug Shaper, Hand
    362684010 Dry Cleaner, Hand
    525687026 Dry Curer
    502684018 Mold Setter
    522684010 Pickler
    523587014 Drying-Room Attendant
    514664014 Tapper
    580684014 Blocker, Hand II
    700687062 Preparer
    712684018 Flanger
    550684014 Dye Weigher
    713684026 Eyeglass-Frame Truer
    685687026 Topper
    551687014 Brine Maker II
    711684010 Assembly Loader
    580687014 Hide Stretcher, Hand
    550684018 Paint Mixer, Hand
    619687018 Pitch Filler
    700684078 Stretcher
    712684026 Glazier
    682687010 Traveler Changer
    543666010 Furnace Worker
    715684010 Adjuster, Alarm Mechanism
    689684014 Drawer-In, Stitch-Bonding Machine
    673687010 Joiner
    580684010 Blocker, Hand I
    689684018 Lease Picker
    550684022 Priming-Powder-Premix Blender
    689687054 Pegger, Dobby Looms
    713687038 Salvager
    689686050 Utility Worker, Woolen Mill
    641687010 Box Bender
    689587010 Numberer and Wirer
    619687010 Coil Binder
    689687026 Cloth Framer
    687684014 Tufter
    669685030 Clamper
    705684018 Filer and Sander
    689687034 Drop-Wire Builder
    679664010 Bed Setter
    683684026 Smash Hand
    579587010 Round-Up-Ring Hand
    579684022 Mica-Plate Layer, Hand
    700687018 Brimer
    713687014 Contact-Lens-Flashing Puncher
    553684014 Nitrocellulose Operator
    689687078 Threader
    712687014 Coiler
    549687014 Hothouse Worker
    613687010 Plugger
    687464010 Rug-Frame Mounter
    700684010 Arborer
    559687034 Egg Processor
    706587010 Cleaner-Touch-Up Worker
    589687046 Tube Coverer
    556687010 Bowling-Ball-Mold Assembler
    579584010 Fiberglass-Container-Winding Operator
    559684018 Rubber-Mold Maker
    559684010 Pack-Room Operator
    654687014 Pager
    556684022 Needle-Bar Molder
    709687050 Tube Bender, Hand II
    709684042 Hand Stamper
    709684010 Adjuster
    706687018 Fan-Blade Aligner
    529687154 Mat Sewer
    706684110 Wrapper Operator
    670587010 Stone Layout Marker
    691667010 Pneumatic Jacketer
    715684090 Disassembler
    589687014 Cloth Folder, Hand
    583684014 Waist Pleater
    599687026 Siphon Operator
    715684026 Bench Hand
    529687034 Casing Tier
    701687018 Cold-Press Loader
    709687062 Wire-Basket Maker
    652687030 Pattern Hand
    701687034 Wedger, Machine
    557684014 Jet Wiper
    563687010 Antichecking-Iron Worker
    589687030 Pad Maker

    AIM97 (Apprenticeship Information Management): No crosswalks

    CEN90 (1990 Census Occupations): 547 Specified Mechanics and Repairers, N.E.C.
    874 Production Helpers
    733 Miscellaneous Woodworking Machine Operators
    758 Compressing and Compacting Machine Operators
    755 Extruding and Forming Machine Operators
    374 Material Recording, Scheduling, and Distributing Clerks, N.E
    769 Slicing and Cutting Machine Operators
    715 Miscellaneous Metal, Plastic, Stone and Glass Working Machin
    756 Mixing and Blending Machine Operators
    479 Farm Workers
    795 Miscellaneous Hand Working Occupations
    889 Laborers, except Construction
    787 Hand Molding, Casting, and Forming Occupations
    766 Furnace, Kiln, and Oven Operators, Exc. Food
    785 Assemblers

    CIP90 (Classification of Instructional Programs): 500711 Ceramics Arts and Ceramics
    500701 Art, General
    200301 Clothing, Apparel and Textile Workers and Managers, General
    200303 Commercial Garment and Apparel Worker
    200309 Drycleaner and Launderer (Commercial)
    500712 Fiber, Textile and Weaving Arts
    480503 Machine Shop Assistant
    100103 Photographic Tech./Technician
    500406 Commercial Photography
    480303 Upholsterer
    480501 Machinist/Machine Technologist

    GOE93 (Guide for Occupational Exploration): 060102 Production Technology: Machine Set-up
    060437 Elemental Work: Industrial: Manual Work, Stamping, Marking, Labeling,
    060430 Elemental Work: Industrial: Manual Work, Stone, Glass, and Clay
    051212 Elemental Work: Mechanical: Structural Work
    060428 Elemental Work: Industrial: Manual Work, Food Processing
    060406 Elemental Work: Industrial: Machine Work, Textiles
    060435 Elemental Work: Industrial: Laundering, Dry Cleaning
    060232 Production Work: Manual Work, Assorted Materials
    060410 Elemental Work: Industrial: Equipment Operation, Metal Processing
    060302 Quality Control: Inspecting, Grading, Sorting, Weighing, and Recording
    060419 Elemental Work: Industrial: Equipment Operation, Assorted Materials Pr
    060438 Elemental Work: Industrial: Wrapping and Packaging
    060429 Elemental Work: Industrial: Manual Work, Rubber
    060423 Elemental Work: Industrial: Manual Work, Assembly Small Parts
    051001 Crafts: Structural
    050903 Material Control: Verifying, Recording, and Marking
    060411 Elemental Work: Industrial: Equipment Operation, Chemical Processing
    060402 Elemental Work: Industrial: Machine Work, Metal and Plastics
    060424 Elemental Work: Industrial: Manual Work, Metal and Plastics
    060440 Elemental Work: Industrial: Loading, Moving, Hoisting, and Conveying
    060405 Elemental Work: Industrial: Machine Work, Fabric and Leather
    051210 Elemental Work: Mechanical: Heating and Melting
    060408 Elemental Work: Industrial: Machine Work, Stone, Glass, and Clay
    060227 Production Work: Manual Work, Textile, Fabric and Leather
    060433 Elemental Work: Industrial: Manual Work, Brushing, Spraying, and Coati
    060224 Production Work: Manual Work, Metal and Plastics
    051008 Crafts: Food Preparation
    060230 Production Work: Manual Work, Stone, Glass, and Clay
    060426 Elemental Work: Industrial: Manual Work, Paper
    060413 Elemental Work: Industrial: Equipment Operation, Rubber, Plastics, and
    051213 Elemental Work: Mechanical: Cutting and Finishing
    060415 Elemental Work: Industrial: Equipment Operation, Food Processing
    051005 Crafts: Reproduction
    060434 Elemental Work: Industrial: Manual Work, Assorted Materials
    060420 Elemental Work: Industrial: Machine Assembling
    060422 Elemental Work: Industrial: Manual Work, Assembly Large Parts
    060427 Elemental Work: Industrial: Manual Work, Textile, Fabric and Leather
    051214 Elemental Work: Mechanical: Painting, Caulking, and Coating
    020402 Laboratory Technology: Life Sciences
    060231 Production Work: Manual Work, Laying Out and Marking
    060425 Elemental Work: Industrial: Manual Work, Wood
    030403 Elemental Work: Plants and Animals: Hunting and Fishing
    060432 Elemental Work: Industrial: Manual Work, Casting and Molding
    060439 Elemental Work: Industrial: Cleaning
    060416 Elemental Work: Industrial: Equipment Operation, Textile, Fabric and L
    010203 Visual Arts: Commercial Art
    051207 Elemental Work: Mechanical: Crushing, Mixing, Separating, and Chipping

    MOC97 (Military Occupational Codes): 92R Quartermaster

    OES98 (Occupational Employment Statistics): 98999 Other Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand

    OPM97 (Office of Personnel Management Occupations): 7010 Parachute Packing
    6502 Explosives Operating

    SOC98 (Standard Occupational Classification): No crosswalks